Einstein billiards and spatially homogeneous cosmological models

Sophie De Buyl, Gaia Pinardi, Christiane Schomblond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we analyse the Einstein and Einstein-Maxwell billiards for all spatially homogeneous cosmological models corresponding to three- and four-dimensional real unimodular Lie algebras and provide a list of those models which are chaotic in the Belinskii, Khalatnikov and Lifschitz (BKL) limit. Through the billiard picture, we confirm that, in D = 5 spacetime dimensions, chaos is present if off-diagonal metric elements are kept: the finite volume billiards can be identified with the fundamental Weyl chambers of hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebras. The most generic cases bring in the same algebras as in the inhomogeneous case, but other algebras appear through special initial conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5141-5159
Number of pages19
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2003

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