BACKGROUND: Sutureless aortic valve replacement surgery (AVR) is a reasonable alternative surgical approach in those patients with aortic stenosis who would benefit from reduced cross clamp time, such as elderly and high-risk patients. We sought to evaluate the incidence of pacemaker (PM) implantation following sutureless AVR and to analyse possible pre-operative electrocardiographic and clinical predictors of PM implantation.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Between November 2013 and March 2015, 58 patients (male 43%, age 77.9 ± 4.9 years) having undergone sutureless AVR with a Perceval prosthesis (Sorin Biomedica Cardio Srl, Saluggia, Italy) were taken into consideration for our analysis. During a mean follow up of 13.8 ± 5.0 months (median 13 months), 14 patients (24.1%) underwent pacemaker (PM) implantation following sutureless AVR procedure. Among these patients, 12 (86%) presented III degree atrioventricular (AV) block, 1 (7%) presented II degree AV block, and remaining one (7%) severe symptomatic bradycardia. The comparison of pre-operative characteristics between PM group and no PM group highlighted that QRS duration, EuroSCORE II index and chronic renal dysfunction were significantly associated with the development of AV conduction abnormalities/symptomatic bradycardia requiring PM implantation (respectively, p = 0.01, p = 0.02 and p = 0.03).
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of PM implantation after sutureless AVR was 24.1% in the present study. The EuroSCORE II, QRS duration and renal dysfunction were significantly associated with higher risk of AV conduction abnormalities/symptomatic bradycardia requiring PM placement.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Electrocardiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Aortic stenosis
- QRS duration
- Sutureless aortic valve replacement