Emended description of Herbaspirillum; inclusion of [Pseudomonas] rubrisubalbicans, a milk plant pathogen, as Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans comb. nov.; and classification of a group of clinical isolates (EF group 1) as Herbaspirillum species 3

J I Baldani, B Pot, G Kirchhof, E Falsen, V L Baldani, F L Olivares, B Hoste, K Kersters, A Hartmann, M Gillis, J Döbereiner

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Abstract

[Pseudomonas] rubrisubalbicans, a mild plant pathogen. Herbaspirillum seropedicae, and EF group 1 strains (clustered by an immunological method) were investigated by a polyphasic approach with DNA-rRNA and DNA-DNA hybridizations and auxanography on 147 substrates. Our results show that they all belong to the genus Herbaspirillum. In addition to H. seropedicae, two other species are described: Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans and a new unnamed species, Herbaspirillum species 3, containing mainly strains of clinical origin. The three species can be differentiated on the basis of their auxanographic features and DNA-DNA similarities. The type strain of H. rubrisubalbicans is NCPPB 1027 (=LMG 2286); representative strains of the third Herbaspirillum species are strains CCUG 189 (=LMG 5523), CCUG 10263 (=LMG 5934), and CCUG 11060 (=LMG 5321). It has been confirmed that H. rubrisubalbicans is an endophytic diazotroph. It colonizes the roots, the stems, and predominantly the leaves of sugarcane (Saccharum spp.), while Herbaspirillum seropedicae colonizes in large numbers many different species of the Gramineae. Both diazotrophic Herbaspirillum species could be differentiated with meso-erythritol and N-acetylglucosamine. Oligonucleotide probes based on partial sequences of the 23S rRNA of H. seropedicae and H. rubrisubalbicans (HS and HR probes, respectively), were constructed and used as diagnostic probes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-810
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of systematic bacteriology
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1996

Keywords

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Probes
  • Edible Grain/microbiology
  • Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria/classification
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Pseudomonas/classification

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