EU Defence After Versailles: An Agenda for the Future

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This analysis focuses on developments in European Union (EU) security and defence since the Versailles Summit, held on 10–11 March 2022. It shows how the Union’s response to Russia’s war on Ukraine has unleashed and spurred on a range of operational, industrial and political initiatives that will influence security and defence policy for the years to come. The EU is presently trying to grapple with the growing relevance of deterrence and defence while affirming the importance of projecting stability beyond Europe’s borders. In this study, we argue that the next institutional cycle offers an opportunity to balance those priorities. We advance two sets of recommendations: a) the need to rebalance the focus of EU defence policy instruments such as EDF, PESCO or EPF towards generating the skillsets, technologies and capabilities required for deterrence, and strengthen EU-NATO relations; and b) the need to rethink the EU’s approach to external crisis management and adapt to the requirements of non-permissive political and operational environments.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBrussels
PublisherEuropean Parliament
Commissioning bodyEuropean Parliament
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)978-92-848-1182-3
ISBN (Print)978-92-848-1181-6
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2023


  • Europe
  • Defence
  • European Union
  • Versailles Summit


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