To evaluate coronary artery disease (CAD) with computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA)-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) requiring ablation. The study population consisted of 151 patients who underwent CTCA before AF ablation (AF group), and a control group of 151 patients from the outpatient clinic who underwent CTCA without any history of AF (non-AF group), matched for age, sex, BMI, and angina symptomatology. All study patients underwent CTCA with subdivision of coronary lesion type into severe (≥ 70% luminal narrowing), moderate (50% ≤ luminal narrowing < 70%), and mild stenosis (< 50% luminal narrowing). In patients with ≥ 1 moderate or severe stenosis, non-invasive FFR was calculated from CTCA (FFR CT). Baseline characteristics and CAD risk factors were similar between the 2 groups. During CTCA, 38% of the patients in the AF group were in ongoing atrial arrhythmia (either AF or regular atrial tachycardia). The number of patients with severe (10 (6.6%) vs 10 (6.6%), P = 1.00), moderate (14 (9.5%) vs 10 (6.7%), P = 0.4), and mild stenosis (43 (28.5%) vs 56 (37.1%), P = 0.11) was not significantly different between the 2 groups. Performance of FFR CT was feasible in 32/44 patients (73%), and failed in 27% of the patients (7 and 5 patients in the AF and non-AF group, respectively, P = 0.74). No difference was observed in the prevalence of hemodynamically significant stenosis (FFR CT ≤ 0.80) (15 (9.9%) vs 12 (7.9%), P = 0.85). Our study showed technical feasibility of CTCA in all patients of both groups, including the patients with AF as presenting rhythm. The FFR CT add-on analysis failed equally frequent in patients of the AF versus non-AF group. An equal rate of CAD was observed in the AF group and non-AF group, favoring the concept of shared associated risk factors for CAD and AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-763
Number of pages7
JournalHeart and Vessels
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023, Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature.

Copyright 2023 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Fractional flow reserve computed from coronary computed tomographic angiograms


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