Evaluation of Lithium-ion Battery Second Life - Performance and Degradation

Egoitz Martinez Laserna, Elixabet Sarasketa-Zabala, Daniel Ioan Stroe, Maciej Swierczynski, Alexander Warnecke, Jean-Marc Paul Timmermans, Shovon Goutam, Pedro Rodriguez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

33 Citations (Scopus)


Reusing electric vehicle batteries once they have been retired from the automotive application is stated as one of the possible solutions to reduce electric vehicle costs. Many publications in the literature have analyzed the economic viability of such a solution, and some car manufacturers have recently started running several projects to demonstrate the technical viability of the so-called battery second life. Nevertheless, the performance and degradation of second life batteries remain an unknown topic and one of the biggest gaps in the literature. The present work aims at evaluating the effects of lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery State of Health (SOH) and aging history over the second life performance on two different applications: a residential demand management application and a power smoothing renewable integration application. The performance and degradation of second life batteries are assessed both at the cell level and at stack level. Homogeneous and heterogeneous stacks are analyzed in order to evaluate the impact of cell-to-cell history and SOH differences over the stack level battery cell performance and degradation behaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE Energy Conversion Congress
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2016
Event2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition - Milwaukee Convention Centre, Milwaukee, United States
Duration: 18 Sep 201622 Sep 2016


Conference2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition
CountryUnited States
Internet address


  • Lithium ion battery
  • Energy storage
  • Second Use
  • Battery degradation
  • Electric Vehicle


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