AIM: To describe the evolution of electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics in infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and the relationship with neurodevelopmental outcome at 24 months.
METHOD: Eighty-three infants were enrolled in the EPISTOP trial and underwent serial EEG follow-up until the age of 24 months (males n=45, females n=37, median age at enrolment 28d, interquartile range 14-54d). Maturation of the EEG background and epileptiform discharges were compared between the TSC1 and TSC2 variants and between preventive and conventional groups respectively.
RESULTS: Children with TSC2 more frequently had a slower posterior dominant rhythm (PDR) at 24 months (51% vs 11%, p=0.002), a higher number of epileptiform foci (median=8 vs 4, p=0.003), and a lower fraction of EEGs without epileptiform discharges (18% vs 61%, p=0.001) at follow-up. A slower PDR at 24 months was significantly associated with lower cognitive (median=70 vs 80, p=0.028) and motor developmental quotients (median=70 vs 79, p=0.008). A higher fraction of EEGs without epileptiform discharges was associated with a lower probability of autism spectrum disorder symptoms (odds ratio=0.092, 95% confidence interval=0.009-0.912, p=0.042) and higher cognitive (p=0.004), language (p=0.002), and motor (p=0.001) developmental quotients at 24 months.
INTERPRETATION: TSC2 is associated with more abnormal EEG characteristics compared to TSC1, which are predictive for neurodevelopmental outcome.
Bibliographical note© 2021 Mac Keith Press.
- tuberous sclerosis complex
- neurodevelopmental outcome