Executive functions are cognitive gadgets

Senne Braem, Bernhard Hommel

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

2 Citations (Scopus)


Many psychologists and neuroscientists still see executive functions as independent, domain-general, supervisory functions, that are often dissociated from more “low-level” associative learning. Here, we suggest that executive functions very much build on associative learning, and argue that executive functions might be better understood as culture-sensitive cognitive gadgets, rather than ready-made cognitive instincts.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere173
Pages (from-to)e173
JournalBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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