Explosive strength imbalances in professional basketball players

Marc Schiltz, Cédric Lehance, Didier Maquet, Thierry Bury, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Jean-Louis Croisier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CONTEXT: Despite the high rate of lower limb injuries in basketball players, studies of the dominant-limb effect in elite athletes often neglect injury history.

OBJECTIVE: To determine lower limb explosive-strength asymmetries in professional basketball players compared with junior basketball players and control participants.

DESIGN: Cohort study.

SETTING: Academic medical institution.

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: 15 professional basketball players, 10 junior basketball players, and 20 healthy men.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): We performed an isokinetic examination to evaluate the knee extensor (Ext) and flexor (Fl) concentric peak torque at 60 degrees .s(-1) and 240 degrees .s(-1) and (Fl only) eccentric peak torque at 30 degrees .s(-1) and 120 degrees .s(-1). Functional evaluation included countermovement jump, countermovement jump with arms, 10-m sprint, single-leg drop jump, and single-leg, 10-second continuous jumping. Variables were compared among groups using analysis of variance or a generalized linear mixed model for bilateral variables.

RESULTS: The 2 groups of basketball players demonstrated better isokinetic and functional performances than the control group did. No differences in functional or relative isokinetic variables were noted between professional and junior basketball players. Professional players with a history of knee injury failed to reach normal knee extensor strength at 60 degrees .s(-1). Knee Ext (60 degrees .s(-1)) and Fl (eccentric 120 degrees .s(-1)) torque values as well as 10-second continuous jumping scores were higher in those professional players without a history of knee injury than those with such a history. Compared with the group without a history of knee injury, the group with a history of knee injury maintained leg asymmetry ratios greater than 10% for almost all isokinetic variables and more than 15% for unilateral functional variables.

CONCLUSIONS: The relative isokinetic and functional performances of professional basketball players were similar to those of junior players, with no dominant-side effect. A history of knee injury in the professional athlete, however, was reflected in bilateral isokinetic and functional asymmetries and should be considered in future studies of explosive strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Athletic Training
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Basketball/physiology
  • Bicycling/physiology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Ergometry
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries/etiology
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction/physiology
  • Muscle Strength/physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal/physiology
  • Torque

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