Flexible spectrum and future business models for the mobile industry.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The concept of flexible spectrum is often considered as a medium-to-long-term solution to overcome some of the current inefficiencies and high entry barriers plaguing the mobile industry. Increasingly, a cognitive pilot channel (CPC) is regarded as a central enabler for flexible spectrum. This paper outlines the CPC concept from a business point of view and clarifies its current status in the standardization and regulation fields. The idea of a worldwide CPC will be under consideration by the World Radio Conference in 2011. Based on several potential CPC implementations, the paper identifies a number of flexible spectrum business configurations and revenue sharing models. It also performs an initial forward-looking evaluation of these models using a business model scorecard approach, and finds that while the scope appears to be limited for a fully competitive, cross-operator spectrum market, several platform models (e.g. association or consortium models) stand out as feasible options.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-258
Number of pages10
JournalTelematics and Informatics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • Mobile communications


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