From forced migration to forced arrival: the campization of refugee accommodation in European cities

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77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the aftermath of large refugee arrivals in 2015, EU regulations and national asylum laws were tightened, especially those regarding reception and accommodation. The current contribution introduces the concept of “campization” to explain the impact of law and policy changes on the socio-spatial configuration and functions of refugee accommodation in European capital regions. Based on qualitative research concerning case studies for Athens, Berlin, and Copenhagen, I argue that refugee accommodation has increasingly been transformed into large, camp-like structures with lowered living standards and a closed character. This is shown by the structural, functional, and socio-spatial characteristics of the accommodation in the three case studies, as well as the political and administrative objectives that determine the campization of accommodation. The contribution lastly highlights changing notions and forms of containment, exclusion, and temporality as part of campization, and links this process to current trends in asylum and urban development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalComparative Migration Studies
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Correspondence: Rene.Kreichauf@vub.be; kreichauf@gsnas.fu-berlin.de René Kreichauf is the Rinus Penninx Award Winner 2017. The Prize was handed to the author by Rinus Penninx in the name of the coordinator of IMISCOE and of the chief editor of the journal Comparative Migration Studies on June 30, 2018. The Rinus Penninx best paper award in honour of the founding father of IMISCOE, is an annual award for the best paper submitted to and presented at the IMISCOE annual conference. The award is sponsored by the journal Comparative Migration Studies. An anonymous review committee decides on the allocation of the award. Besides the honour of receiving the award, the prize winner also receives € 750.– and the opportunity to publish the paper in the journal CMS. 1Department of Geography, Faculty of Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Building F – Room 4.74, Pleinlaan 2, BE-1050 Brussels, Belgium 2Graduate School of North American Studies (GSNAS), John-F.-Kennedy Institute for North American Studies, Freie Universität Berlin, Lansstraße 5-9, 14195 Berlin, Germany

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, The Author(s).

Copyright:
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Arrival infrastructures
  • Asylum
  • Campization
  • Forced migration
  • Refugee camps
  • Socio-spatial exclusion
  • Urban studies

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