FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILL PERFORMANCE IN RELATION TO FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS, PARENTAL BEHAVIOUR,PARENTAL BELIEFS AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

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Abstract

Introduction As the development of fundamental movement skills plays an essential role in the development of a fit and healthy lifestyle, it is important to understand the factors related to this development. The purpose of this study was to investigate main effects of family socialization processes on movement skill competence of 4 to 6-year-old preschool children. This study also explored whether the relationship between movement skill performance and those processes was moderated by gender. Methods A sample of 846 preschool children (471 boys, 375 girls) between 4 and 6 years of age participated in this study. Movement skill performance was assessed with the Motoriktest fur Vier- bis Sechsjahrige Kinder (MOT4-6). Data on the children's family context (concerning family characteristics, parental behaviour, parental beliefs, and environmental characteristics) were collected using self-administered parental surveys. All data were analysed using a moderated multiple regression analysis. Results The models all showed significant main effects and explained between six and eight per cent of the variance. Significant variables showing a positive relationship with children FMS competence were:
father's and mother's education (family characteristics); frequency of providing new equipment; father's PA, the use of active transport (parental behaviours); relative importance of motor development; parental value of the child's physical activities (parental beliefs) and
population density (environmental characteristic). Parental rating the importance of a child's sleep as well as parental inquiry on children's motor development with the preschool teacher were inversely correlated with preschool children's movement skill performance.
No moderating effect was found for gender. Discussion The study demonstrated that several factors relate to the complex development of fundamental movement skills in preschool children. The results also underline that relationships may differ according to specific performance areas (locomotion, stability and object control) in preschool children. All different models showed agreement on the association
between low FMS performance and lower educated parents. Therefore these children in particular should be focused for interventions and efforts to lower participation barriers in the current offer are recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication17th annual Congress of the EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE
EditorsR. Meeusen, J. Duchateau, B. Roelands, M. Klass, B. De Geus, S. Baudry, E. Tsolakidis
PublisherEuropean College of Sport Science
ISBN (Print)978-90-90-26868-2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2012
EventUnknown -
Duration: 4 Jul 2012 → …

Conference

ConferenceUnknown
Period4/07/12 → …

Bibliographical note

R. Meeusen, J. Duchateau, B. Roelands, M. Klass, B. De Geus, S. Baudry, E. Tsolakidis

Keywords

  • preschoolers
  • motor development
  • family context

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