Governing with multiple policy instruments?

Brendan Moore, David Benson, Andrew Jordan, Rudiger K. W. Wurzel, Anthony Zito

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Policy instruments are the tools that policy makers use to attain their objectives. The EU pursues its environmental policy objectives mainly by using regulatory instruments, in part because its Treaties constrain its ability to use more distributive and redistributive forms of policy. However, over time, it has adopted a number of 'New' Environmental Policy Instruments (NEPIs) such as emissions trading and voluntary agreements. Despite this, policy makers are more likely to govern with a wider range of instruments at national than EU level. Moreover, for various reasons, regulation is likely to remain the preferred instrument of choice at EU level for the foreseeable future. This fnding raises new challenges in relation to the regular calls made for 'smarter mixes' of regulatory and non-regulatory instruments in EU environmental policy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Policy in the EU: Actors, Institutions and Processes
EditorsAndrew Jordan, Viviane Gravey
Place of PublicationLondon ; New York
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780429688669
ISBN (Print)9781138392144
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 selection and editorial matter, Andrew Jordan and Viviane Gravey. All rights reserved.

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'Governing with multiple policy instruments?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this