PURPOSE: The primary goal of this study was to compare the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people with lumbar radiculopathy to age- and sex-adjusted population norms. Additionally, it aimed to explore the associations between the HRQoL difference scores and measures related to pain cognitions, pain intensity, and endogenous nociceptive modulation.

METHODS: Using answers from the Short Form 36-item Health Survey and UK population norms, SF-6D difference scores were calculated. A one-sample t test was used to assess the SF-6D difference scores. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to assess the associations between SF-6D difference scores and pain intensity [Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for back and leg pain], pain cognitions [Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ)], and correlates for endogenous nociceptive modulation using quantitative sensory testing.

RESULTS: One hundred and twenty people with lumbar radiculopathy scheduled for surgery were included in this study. The mean SF-6D difference score of - 0.26 [SD = 0.09] was found to be significantly less than 0 [95%CI: - 0.27 to - 0.24]. Univariate analyses showed a significant influence from PCS, TSK, and PVAQ on the SF-6D difference scores. The final multivariate regression model included PCS and PVAQ, with only PCS maintaining a statistically significant regression coefficient [b = - 0.002; 95% CI: - 0.004 to - 0.001].

CONCLUSION: People diagnosed with lumbar radiculopathy report significantly lower HRQoL scores when compared with age- and sex-adjusted UK norm values. Even though all examined pain cognitions were found to have a significant association, pain catastrophizing showed the most significant relation to the SF-6D difference scores.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier No. NCT02630732. Date of registration: November 25, 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-757
Number of pages13
JournalQuality of Life Research
Issue number3
Early online date3 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Health utility values
  • ealth-related quality of life
  • Kinesiophobia
  • Lumbar radiculopathy
  • Pain catastrophizing


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