Healthcare-Associated SARS-CoV-2 Reinfection after 3 Months with a Phylogenetically Distinct Omicron Variant: A Case Report

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Abstract

This case report describes a 60-year-old female patient suffering from systemic sclerosis, for which she received immunomodulatory drugs. Her first SARS-CoV-2-positive nasopharyngeal sample was obtained in the emergency department, on 31 January 2022. Whole genome sequencing confirmed infection with Omicron BA.1.1. Her hospital stay was long and punctuated by many complications, including admission to the intensive care unit. At the beginning of April 2022, she started complaining of increased coughing, for which another SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR test was performed. The latter nasopharyngeal swab showed a strongly positive result. To support the theory of healthcare-associated reinfection, whole genome sequencing was performed and confirmed reinfection with Omicron BA.2. Since this patient was one of ten positive cases in this particular ward, a hospital outbreak investigation was performed. Whole genome sequencing data were available for five of these ten patients and showed a cluster of four patients with ≤2 small nucleotide polymorphisms difference.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1852
JournalViruses
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Copyright:
Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • COVID-19/diagnosis
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Nucleotides
  • Reinfection
  • SARS-CoV-2/genetics

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