Hierarchical structure of maladaptive personality traits in older adults: Joint factor analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ

Joke Van Den Broeck, Leen Bastiaansen, Gina Rossi, Eva Dierckx, Barbara Declerck, Joeri Hofmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


In DSM-5, the categorical model and criteria for the 10 personality disorders included in DSM-IV will be reprinted in Section II. Moreover, an alternative dimensional classification model will appear in Section III. This alternative DSM-5 proposal for the diagnosis of a personality disorder is based on two fundamental criteria: impairments in personality functioning (Criterion A) and the presence of pathological personality traits (Criterion B). In the maladaptive trait model that has been developed to operationalize Criterion B, 25 pathological traits are organized according to five higher order dimensions. The current study focuses on the convergence of the proposed DSM-5 trait model (as measured by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 [PID-5]) with the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology (DAPP) model (as measured by the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire [DAPP-BQ]) in a sample of older people. A joint hierarchical factor analysis showed clear convergence between four PID-5 dimensions (Negative Affect, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition) and conceptually similar DAPP-BQ components. Moreover, the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ showed meaningful associations on different levels of their joint hierarchical factor structure. Methodological and theoretical implications of these initial results for the conceptualization of personality pathology are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-211
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • personality
  • PID5
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Personality Disorders
  • Personality Inventory
  • Reproducibility of Results


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