Hourly PM, NOX, SO2 Emissions

Maarten Messagie, Luís Miguel Da Quinta E Costa Neves De Oliveira, Joeri Van Mierlo, Faycal-Siddikou Boureima

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


In the booming research on the environmental footprint of for example electrical vehicles but also of heat pumps and other (smart) electricity consuming appliances, there is a clear need to know the hourly CO2, PM, SO2 and NOx content of one kWh of electricity. The footprint of for example an electrical vehicle is influenced by the time when the vehicle is charged. With the availability of the hourly emission content of one kWh, Electrabel- GDF SUEZ is provided with a decision support tool to fully exploit the advantages of a future smart grid. In this project, the GWP (Global Warming Potential) per kWh for each hour of the year are calculated in order to see the influence of the electricity demand on these emissions. This emission content does not only reflect activities related to the production of the electricity within a power plant, but includes carbon and other emissions related to the building of the infrastructure and the fuel supply chain. The considered feedstocks are nuclear combustible, oil, coal, natural gas, biowaste, blast furnace gas and wood. Furthermore, renewable electricity production technologies like photovoltaic cells, hydro installations and wind turbines are covered by the research. For the impacts of the production and the decommissioning of the powerplants, default ecoinvent data are considered for the different technologies. Specific data from Electrabel are not available. The ecoinvent datasets on the different powerplants include the land transformation and occupation, the use of material (concrete, steel, copper, plastics...), the energy consumption, the heat waste and the transport. For each powerplant, the lifetime, the employment rate and the efficiency are taken into account in the calculation.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherElectrabel GDF SUEZ
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013


  • CO2
  • NOX
  • SO2
  • PM
  • Footprint
  • Emissions
  • Electricity
  • Generation


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