Hyperreal Delta Functions as a New General Tool for Modeling Systems with Infinitely High Densities

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Abstract

In general, the state of a system in which a physical quantity such as mass is distributed over space can be modeled by a function that represents the density distribution. The purpose of this paper is to introduce special functions that can be applied when in the system to be modeled, where the quantity is distributed over isolated points. For that matter, the expanded real numbers are introduced as an ordered subring of the hyperreal number field that does not contain any infinitesimals, and hyperreal delta functions are defined as special functions from the real numbers to the expanded real numbers satisfying the condition that (i) the support is a singleton, and (ii) the integral over the reals is a nonzero real number. These newly defined hyperreal delta functions, and tensor products thereof, then provide a general tool, applicable for the mathematical modeling of physical systems in which infinitely high densities occur.
Original languageEnglish
Article number244
Number of pages8
JournalAxioms
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2021

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