Hyperspectral and Thermal Temperature Estimation During Laser Cladding

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although there is no doubt about the tremendous industrial potential of metal additive manufacturing techniques such as laser metal deposition, the technology still has some intrinsic quality challenges to overcome before reaching its industrial maturity. Noncontact in situ monitoring of the temperature evolution of the workpiece could provide the necessary information to implement an automated closed-loop process control system and optimize the manufacturing process, providing a robust solution to these issues. However, measuring absolute temperatures is not self-evident: wavelength-dependent emissivity values vary between solid, liquid, and mushy metallic regions, requiring spectral information and dedicated postprocessing to relate the amount of emitted infrared radiation to the material temperature. This paper compares the temperature estimation results obtained from a visible and near-infrared hyperspectral line camera and a conventional short-wave infrared (SWIR) thermal camera during the laser melting and cladding of a 316L steel sample. Both methods show agreeing results for the temperature distribution inside the melt pool, with the SWIR camera extending the temperature measurements beyond the melt pool boundaries into the solid region.
Original languageEnglish
Article number022313
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Laser Applications
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • additive manufacturing
  • hyperspectral imaging
  • laser cladding
  • temperature estimation
  • thermal monitoring

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