Identifying frailty risk profiles of home-dwelling older people: focus on sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics

Sarah Dury, Ellen De Roeck, Daan Duppen, Bram Fret, Lieve Hoeyberghs, Deborah Lambotte, Michaël Van der Elst, Anne van der Vorst, Jos Schols, Gertrudis Kempen, G A Rixt Zijlstra, Jan De Lepeleire, Birgitte Schoenmakers, Tinie Kardol, Nico De Witte, Dominique Verté, Liesbeth De Donder, Peter Paul De Deyn, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, An-Sofie SmetcorenEva Dierckx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates risk profiles of frailty among older people, as these are essential for detecting those individuals at risk for adverse outcomes and to undertake specific preventive actions. Frailty is not only a physical problem, but also refers to emotional, social, and environmental hazards.

METHODS: Using data generated from the Belgian Ageing Studies, a cross-sectional study (n = 28,049), we tested a multivariate regression model that included sociodemographic and socioeconomic indicators as well as four dimensions of frailty, for men and women separately.

RESULTS: The findings indicated that for both men and women, increased age, having no partner, having moved house in the previous 10 years, having a lower educational level and having a lower household income are risk characteristics for frailty. Moreover, when looking at the different frailty domains, different risk profiles arose, and gender-specific risk characteristics were detected.

DISCUSSION: This paper elaborates on practical implications, and formulates a number of future research recommendations to tackle frailty in an aging society. The conclusion demonstrates the necessity for a thorough knowledge of risk profiles of frailty, as this will save both time and money and permit preventive actions to be more individually tailored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1031-1039
Number of pages9
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging
  • Belgium/epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data
  • Frailty/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Independent Living/statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors

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