The lateral mobility of membrane receptors provides insights into the molecular interactions of protein binding and the complex dynamic plasma membrane. The image mean square displacement (iMSD) analysis is a method used to extract qualitative and quantitative information of the protein diffusion law and infers how diffusion dynamic processes may change when the cellular environment is modified. The aim of the study was to describe the membrane diffusing properties of two G-protein-coupled receptors namely Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1 ) and Endothelin 1 type A (ETA ) receptors and their corresponding receptor-ligand complexes in living cells using total internal reflection fluorescent microscopy and iMSD analysis. This study showed that both AT1 and ETA receptors displayed a mix of three modes of diffusion: free, confined, and partially confined. The confined mode was the predominant at the plasma membrane of living cells and was not affected by ligand binding. However, the local diffusivity and the confinement zone of AT1 receptors were reduced by the binding of its antagonist losartan, and the long-range diffusion with the local diffusivity coefficient of ETA receptors was reduced upon exposure to its antagonist BQ123. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study addressing the protein diffusion laws of these two receptors on living cells using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy and iMSD.
Bibliographical note© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- Biological Transport
- CHO Cells
- Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods
- Microscopy, Fluorescence
- Protein Binding
- Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1/metabolism
- Receptor, Endothelin A/metabolism