Implications of a Reduced Length of Postpartum Hospital Stay on Maternal and Neonatal Readmissions, an Observational Study

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INTRODUCTION: Reducing the Length Of postpartum Stay (LOS) is associated with lower hospital costs, a major reason for initiating federal projects in Belgium. Disadvantages following the reduction of LOS are the risks of maternal and neonatal readmissions. This study compares readmissions with or without reduced LOS, by introducing the KOZI&Home program in the university hospital Brussels.

METHODS: This is an observational study comparing the readmission rates of the length of postpartum hospital stay between two groups: the non-KOZI&Home group (> 2 days for vaginal birth and > 4 days for caesarean section) and KOZI&Home group (≤ 2 days for vaginal birth and ≤ 4 days for caesarean section). A follow-up period of 16 weeks was set up.

RESULTS: The maternal readmission rate was 4,8% for the non-KOZI&Home group (n = 332) and 3.3% for the KOZI&Home group (n = 253). Neonatal readmission rates were 7.2% and 15.9% respectively. After controlling influencing factors in a multivariate model for maternal and neonatal readmissions, there were no statistical significant differences. Factors negatively affecting neonatal readmissions are (1) dismissal period October-January (OR:3.22;95% CI 1.10-9.42) and (2) low education level (OR:3.44;95% CI 1.54-7.67), for maternal readmissions it concerns whether or not LOS is known (OR:3.26;95% CI 1.21-8.81).

DISCUSSION: There is no effect of the KOZI&Home program on maternal nor neonatal readmission rates. Systematically informing about postpartum LOS antenatally will enforce preparation and is important to reduce maternal readmissions. Personalized information should be given to women discharged in the period October-January and to those with a lower education level, in order to reduce neonatal readmissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1949-1960
Number of pages12
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Issue number11
Early online date22 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Early discharge
  • Integrated care
  • Length of stay (LOS)
  • Postpartum Period
  • Patient Readmission


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