Improved maturation competence of ovarian tissue oocytes using a biphasic in vitro maturation system for patients with gynecological malignancy: a study on sibling oocytes

Anastasia Kirillova, Ekaterina Bunyaeva, Heidi Van Ranst, Grigory Khabas, Maria Farmakovskaya, Nail Kamaletdinov, Tatiana Nazarenko, Aydar Abubakirov, Gennady Sukhikh, Johan E J Smitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

J Assist Reprod Genet
. 2021 Feb 22. doi: 10.1007/s10815-021-02118-z. Online ahead of print.
Improved maturation competence of ovarian tissue oocytes using a biphasic in vitro maturation system for patients with gynecological malignancy: a study on sibling oocytes
Anastasia Kirillova 1, Ekaterina Bunyaeva 2, Heidi Van Ranst 3, Grigory Khabas 2, Maria Farmakovskaya 2, Nail Kamaletdinov 2, Tatiana Nazarenko 2, Aydar Abubakirov 2, Gennady Sukhikh 2, Johan E J Smitz 4
Affiliations expand
PMID: 33619680 DOI: 10.1007/s10815-021-02118-z
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the developmental competence of ovarian tissue oocytes from patients with gynecological tumors using a biphasic in vitro maturation system with capacitation (CAPA-IVM) in comparison with standard IVM.

Methods: This sibling pilot study included 210 oocytes in 10 patients with gynecological malignancies. After ovariectomies, ovaries were cut into even halves and immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were retrieved from the ovarian tissue. COCs were separately cultured in either a biphasic CAPA-IVM system for 53 h or in standard IVM for 48 h. After IVM, all COCs were denuded and mature oocytes were either vitrified (N=5) or used for ICSI (N=5). Embryos were cultured for 5-6 days and obtained blastocysts were vitrified.

Results: Use of the CAPA-IVM system led to a higher meiotic maturation rate in ovarian tissue oocytes (OTO) compared to standard IVM (56 vs 35%, p=0.0045) and had a tendency to result in lower degeneration after IVM. Only the CAPA-IVM method supported blastocyst formation.

Conclusions: The biphasic in vitro maturation system improved the competence of OTO in comparison to the standard IVM method. The study suggests that fertility preservation programs could become more efficient using IVM after capacitation culture.

Keywords: CNP; Fertility preservation; Gynecological cancer; IVM; Oocyte vitrification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1331-1340
Number of pages10
JournalJ Assist Reprod Genet
Volume38
Issue number6
Early online date22 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Improved maturation competence of ovarian tissue oocytes using a biphasic in vitro maturation system for patients with gynecological malignancy: a study on sibling oocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this