Improved Motion Classification with an Integrated Multimodal Exoskeleton Interface

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Abstract

Human motion intention detection is an essential part of the control of upper-body exoskeletons. While surface electromyography (sEMG)-based systems may be able to provide anticipatory control, they typically require exact placement of the electrodes on the muscle bodies which limits the practical use and donning of the technology. In this study, we propose a novel physical interface for exoskeletons with integrated sEMG- and pressure sensors. The sensors are 3D-printed with flexible, conductive materials and allow multi-modal information to be obtained during operation. A K-Nearest Neighbours classifier is implemented in an off-line manner to detect reaching movements and lifting tasks that represent daily activities of industrial workers. The performance of the classifier is validated through repeated experiments and compared to a unimodal EMG-based classifier. The results indicate that excellent prediction performance can be obtained, even with a minimal amount of sEMG electrodes and without specific placement of the electrode.
Original languageEnglish
Article number693110
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Neurorobotics
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2021 Langlois, Geeroms, Van De Velde, Rodriguez-Guerrero, Verstraten, Vanderborght and Lefeber.

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