In vivo correlation of near-infrared transillumination and visual inspection with bitewing radiography for the detection of interproximal caries in permanent and primary teeth

M De Zutter, J D Vandenbulcke, J W G Van Acker, L C Martens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) for interproximal caries detection in children by comparing the correlation between both NILT and visual inspection (ICDAS) with bitewing (BW) radiography and by investigating possible differences in caries detection with NILT between primary and permanent teeth.

METHODS: From 35 patients, 121 and 63 interproximal surfaces in, respectively, primary and permanent teeth were included. NILT images were obtained using DIAGNOcam™ (KaVo) and scored by two calibrated raters. A consensus diagnosis was reached for BW radiography; whereas, the ICDAS scores were obtained by one calibrated rater. Weighted Kappa (wκ) was used to evaluate inter- and intra-rater reliability of NILT and to evaluate the correlation between NILT, ICDAS and BW radiography.

RESULTS: The correlation between NILT and BW radiography was moderate to substantial for primary teeth [Rater 1: wκ = 0.61 (95% CI = 0.49-0.75), Rater 2: wκ = 0.55 (95% CI = 0.41-0.69)] and fair for permanent teeth [Rater 1: wκ = 0.34 (95% CI = 0.15-0.53), Rater 2: wκ = 0.33 (95% CI = 0.08-0.58)]. The correlation between ICDAS and BW radiography was moderate for primary teeth [wκ = 0.49 (95% CI = 0.35-0.63)] and substantial for permanent teeth [wκ = 0.62 (95% CI = 0.32-0.92)]. No significant differences were found between primary and permanent teeth.

CONCLUSION: NILT cannot be recommended as a single diagnostic tool for interproximal caries detection in primary teeth. The number of false negatives for dentine caries, especially in first primary molars, was too high. For the use in permanent teeth, NILT could be more accurate than BW radiography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-518
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Volume21
Issue number4
Early online date9 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

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