Chronic renal failure evolves inevitable towards glomerular and tubulo-interstitial sclerosis. This pathological process involves a disturbed redox status of the kidney tissue, leading to irreversible damage. In this study we investigate in an adriamycin model of chronic renal failure in mice the evolution of in vivo hydrogen peroxide production, and the possible role of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and ferric iron in the process. Histological changes and ferric iron deposits are evaluated by histochemical staining. To evaluate oxidative stress residual catalase activity, TBARS formation and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity are measured spectrophotometrically. While catalase activity remains the same, a decreased residual catalase activity indicates an increased formation of hydrogen peroxide. Both the activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and TBARS formation is increased at early stages of the disease. Ferric iron is clearly present in the proximal tubule. Twenty days after adriamycin injection all parameters decrease, probably due to the destruction of the tissue. Our data show the involvement of oxidative stress in the progression of adriamycin induced renal failure in mice. Both radical production and oxidative damage are measurable, while the altered activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and the deposition of ferric iron suggest the involvement of these factors in the development of a disturbed redox status in the kidney cortex.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|