Influence of Loading Orientation and Knitted Versus Woven Transversal Connections in 3D Textile Reinforced Cement (TRC) Composites

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Abstract

As previous research has shown, the use of 3D textiles does not only facilitate the manufacturing process of Textile Reinforced Cement (TRC) composites but also influences the mechanical properties of the TRC. A fundamental understanding of the contribution of the transversal connections in the 3D textile to the loadbearing behavior of 3D TRCs is, however, still lacking in the literature. Therefore, this research experimentally investigates two different parameters of 3D TRCs; firstly, the 3D textile typology, namely knitted versus woven transversal connections, is investigated. Secondly, the influence of the stress direction with respect to the orientation of these connections (parallel or perpendicular) is studied. A clear influence of the orientation is witnessed for the woven 3D TRC system while no influence is observed for the knitted 3D TRC. Both woven and knitted 3D TRC systems show an increased post-cracking bending stiffness compared to an equivalent 2D system (with the same textiles but without transversal connections), yet the woven 3D TRC clearly outperforms the knitted 3D TRC.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4517
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Sciences
Volume10
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO), grant number IWT697.

Funding Information:
This research was funded by FondsWetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO), grant number IWT697. This research was made possible thanks to the materials provided by our research partner "3D Weaving" within the larger SBO-project "CecomStruct" funded by the "Agentschap Innoveren & Ondernemen" as well as the experimental campaigns performed within the Interreg project "Beton naar hoogwaardig beton".

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: This research was made possible thanks to the materials provided by our research partner “3D Weaving” within the larger SBO-project “CecomStruct” funded by the “Agentschap Innoveren & Ondernemen” as well as the experimental campaigns performed within the Interreg project “Beton naar hoogwaardig beton”.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • 3D textile fabrics
  • textile reinforced cement (TRC)
  • transversal connections
  • mechanical characterization
  • tensile test
  • bending test
  • numerical simulation

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