Influence of the Harmonics on the Modal Behavior of Wind Turbine Drivetrains

Nicoletta Gioia, Pieter-Jan Daems, Cédric Peeters, Mahmoud El-kafafy, Patrick Guillaume, Jan Helsen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last decades, noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) problems became critical issues to be tackled by the wind industry. They have been caused by the upscaling trend that has imposed bigger (not quasi-static) loads on turbine subcomponents: the dynamic loads are significantly influencing the fatigue life of the wind turbine components and the tonalities generated. To validate complex simulation models, it is of high interest to continuously track the modal parameters of the fundamental modes of a wind turbine during operating conditions. At this purpose, operational modal analysis (OMA) represents a powerful tool.
The work investigates and implements a completely automated OMA technique for continuously tracking the modes of a wind turbine drive train under normal operating conditions. The methodologies implemented are illustrated using data acquired during a long-term monitoring campaign of an offshore wind turbine. Modal estimation is based on the state-of-the-art pLSCF algorithm. To make it suitable for continuous analysis, the algorithm is improved by eliminating all the human interactions required. The procedure is then coupled with a method that automatically tracks the modal parameters along different data sets. Since this work focuses on the application of OMA on rotating machines, harmonics need to be dealt with. At this purpose, the use of a cepstrum lifter is analyzed and implemented. Modal estimates obtained from an automated analysis on stand still data and rotating turbine data are compared. The data coming from the rotating machine are pre-processed by means of a cepstrum-based procedure. It is shown that the automatic procedure is able to detect modes close to narrow harmonic components, while it still fails in case of broader harmonics. The cepstrum lifter is able to properly filter out also the harmonics influencing broader frequency bands, making OMA possible on the complete frequency band of interest.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRotating Machinery, Vibro-Acoustics and Laser Vibrometry, Proceedings of the 36th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2018
EditorsDario Di Maio
Pages231-238
Number of pages8
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
EventIMAC - XXXVI International Modal Analysis Conference - 9700 International Drive, Orlando, United States
Duration: 12 Feb 201815 Feb 2018
Conference number: XXXVI

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652

Conference

ConferenceIMAC - XXXVI International Modal Analysis Conference
Abbreviated titleIMAC
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period12/02/1815/02/18

Keywords

  • Automatic Operational Modal Analysis
  • Cepstrum Analysis
  • Harmonics
  • Rotating Machineries
  • Wind Turbine Drivetrain

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