Interactions between climate change and urbanization will shape the future of biodiversity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Climate change and urbanization are two of the most prominent global drivers of biodiversity and ecosystem change. Fully understanding, predicting and mitigating the biological impacts of climate change and urbanization are not possible in isolation, especially given their growing importance in shaping human society. Here we develop an integrated framework for understanding and predicting the joint effects of climate change and urbanization on ecology, evolution and their eco-evolutionary interactions. We review five examples of interactions and then present five hypotheses that offer opportunities for predicting biodiversity and its interaction with human social and cultural systems under future scenarios. We also discuss research opportunities and ways to design resilient landscapes that address both biological and societal concerns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-447
Number of pages12
JournalNature Climate Change
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study is a collaborative effort of the National Science Foundation Research Coordination Network: Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics in an Urban Planet: Underlying Mechanisms and Ecosystem Feedbacks (DEB 1840663). We acknowledge the many participants in this working group that directly and indirectly contributed to our development of the five presented hypotheses. M.C.U. was supported by NSF award no. DEB-1119877, National Science Foundation NRT grant no. 2022036, NASA awards no. 80NSSC22K0883 and no. 80NSSC19K0476, the Arden Chair in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and a Leverhulme visiting professorship. P.R. thanks the Max Planck Society for funding.

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Limited 2024.


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