International Medium-Sized Ports: Impacts on Environment, Sustainability and Good Practices.

Research output: Book/ReportOther report


Seaports are known for their wide diversity of activities, on water and on land. International ports are often connected to larger industrial areas and these are interconnected with the mainland by a large mobility network. Globalization causes ports to grow fast and develop in a rising tempo.

Seaport development often generates conflicts between the national interest of economic development and the local interests of environmental protection. It is generally seen as a very important economic factor, stimulating economic growth and life standard of people. On the other hand, negative impacts on health and environment, caused by port activities and construction are numerous. Sustainable development of ports should make it possible to overcome this conflict. Sustainable development will have to guarantee enough economic development and at the same time guarantee mitigation of negative impacts. One should evolve from traditional to sustainability-based planning and decision-making, as called for by the Brundtland Commission and Agenda 21. What does sustainability specifically mean for these three aspects: port development, industrial zones and mobility?

This document tries to create an insight in the specific impacts of port development, industrial development and mobility growth. These insights are based on analyses of different case studies and literature review. After the analysis of potential impacts, recent trends and good practices are reviewed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages75
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010


  • sustainable port development
  • sustainable industrial zone
  • SEA port
  • impact assessment port


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