Interwar garden district ‘Klein Rusland’ (Zelzate-Belgium): living lab project

Ann Verdonck, Heleen Schroyen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper


Two pioneers of the Belgian modern movement architect Huib Hoste and urban planner Louis Van der Swaelmen, designed the Klein Rusland garden district between 1921 and 1923. In order to develop a renovation strategy for the district - with respect for the heritage values on the one hand and the improvement of the liveability on the other hand - a living lab project was set up. The entire district suffers from various modifications and additions over time with negative impact on the architectural features of the entire district. Preliminary research was executed to identify the heritage values, the authentic materials, the construction principles, the damage phenomena and the historical colour schemes. This study also addresses objectives of basic comfort standards and improvement of the energetic performances. The final scope of this project is to extrapolate the outcome of the restoration tests to the other buildings within the Klein Rusland garden district and to similar interwar constructions in general.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 10th International Conference on structural analysis of historical constructions
Subtitle of host publicationAnamnesis, diagnosis, therapy, controls
EditorsKoen Van Balen, Els Verstrynge
Place of PublicationLeiden (The Netherlands)
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781315616995
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2016
Event10th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions - Leuven, Belgium
Duration: 13 Sep 201616 Sep 2016


Conference10th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions
Abbreviated titleSAHC2016
Internet address


  • garden district
  • , energetic performance and heritage


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