Intestinal helminthic infections: a narrative review to guide the hepatogastroenterologist

M Vanhooren, A Stoefs, S Van Den Broucke, M Van Esbroeck, T Demuyser, S Kindt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intestinal helminthic infections are not uncommon in Western Europe, mainly due to modern travel, emigration and globalization. Moreover, some helminthic infections are endemic in Western Europe and are part of the everyday clinical practice. The hepatogastroenterologist should therefore recognize and manage these patients or at least refer them to appropriate reference centers. Signs and symptoms are often unspecific or even absent. Discerning the disease at an early stage avoids expensive diagnostic testing, life-threatening complications and in some cases even further spread of the disease. This review article aims to guide the hepatogastroenterologist when suspecting a helminthic infection by addressing the most prevalent symptoms, summarizing the most probable associated helminthic entities, highlighting practical steps in diagnosis and available treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-473
Number of pages14
JournalActa Gastro-Enterologica Belgica
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Helminthiasis/complications
  • Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis
  • Travel
  • Europe

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