Introduction [Border Control and New Technologies. Addressing Integrated Impact Assessment]

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Abstract

This book is occasioned by the convergence of two political occurrences.
The first is the unprecedented rise in global migration. According to the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) 2020 World Migration Report, 272 million people, or roughly 3.5% of the world’s population, are migrants. The IOM – as well as other commentators – notes that migration has taken a particularly serious turn in recent years, in part as a result of armed conflict (for example, in Syria, Yemen, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan), economic and/or political instability, and, increasingly, climate change. This multi-year global evolution and its ill-fated transformation into various forms of identity politics has led to the transformation of migration from its traditional status as a humanitarian challenge to its new incarnation as a security problem. Moreover, the particularity of this new security challenge is that it does not prioritise the more-or-less plainly visible security crisis in which migrants find themselves, but rather the cultural and, in part, societal security of the recipient states. This has strengthened the politically unavoidable hypothesis that solving the problem of migration is workable only through addressal of the issue of securing state borders.
The second occurrence is less concrete and less visible, but nonetheless impacts the first in important ways. It involves the growing expectation of immediacy in politics, the demand for quicker political decision-making and implementation, especially in the face of a perceived danger. Together with the rise of the notion of risk at the end of the last century, and the actuarial impulse brought about by the growing global influence of New Public Management (an organisational strategy according to which public affairs should be governed in accordance with private business models) and the rise of anticipatory politics, such as the precautionary principle developed in the field of environmental studies, it has become a political necessity to foresee and pre-calibrate political processes and the impacts they will have upon individuals and societies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBorder Control and New Technologies. Addressing Integrated Impact Assessment
EditorsJ. Peter Burgess, Dariusz Kloza
Place of PublicationBrussels
PublisherASP
Chapter1
Pages27-30
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978 94 6117 137 5, 978 94 6117 193 1
ISBN (Print)978 94 6117 085 9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • impact assessment
  • border control
  • technology
  • migration

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