Let’s Make Ball Balancing Great Again: Why You Should Use Temporary Speed Reduction

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Automatic ball balancing is a technique adopted in rotordynamics to reduce unknown rotor unbalance automatically. This technique sounds appealing as it can ease a panoply of balancing issues considerably. The presence of stiction, however, scatters consistent qualitative balancing and led to a limited implementation in the industry. Temporary speed reduction, a recent technique, could be used as a countermeasure for the stiction-induced scattering. Presented in this paper is an in-depth study detailing how the technique should be implemented to guarantee effective balancing. By analysing a rotordynamic model of the Jeffcott kind, the influence of a multitude of parameters is studied such as the initial mass positions, the initial unbalance, the adopted speed profile, shaft damping, stiction and the speed reduction plateau of the adopted speed reduction strategy. The main findings of the study are that the adverse effects of stiction can be contained considerably using the speed reduction technique, especially in the under-excited range where a ball balancer behaves poorly when adopting a standard run-up profile. Finally, the speed plateau of the speed reduction technique should be selected carefully, preferably accounting for stiction, shaft damping and even more so the initial unbalance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


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