PURPOSE: To report the first successful application of in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes resulting in live births in two anovulatory women who had suffered oophorectomy following ovarian torsion after stimulation with gonadotropins.
METHODS: Data abstraction was performed from medical records of two subfertile women with excessive functional ovarian reserve. Both women had previously received gonadotropins for ovulation induction or ovarian stimulation, resulting in ovarian torsion. They were offered IVM of oocytes retrieved from antral follicles after mild ovarian stimulation, insemination of mature oocytes using ICSI, and embryo transfer. Outcome measures were the incidence of complications and live birth after fertility treatment.
RESULTS: Transvaginal retrieval of cumulus-oocyte complexes from a unique ovary was conducted. One patient had a singleton live birth after vitrified-warmed embryo transfer in the second IVM cycle. The other patient had a singleton live birth after transfer of a fresh blastocyst in her first IVM cycle.
CONCLUSIONS: Although approaches have been developed to prevent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and to increase the safety profile of fertility treatment in predicted high responders, women with an excessive functional ovarian reserve may have a non-negligible risk of ovarian torsion. For these patients, IVM should be considered as a safer alternative approach.
- High responder
- Ovarian stimulation
- Ovarian torsion