## Abstract

We present examples of macroscopic systems entailing a quantum mechanical structure. One of our examples has a structure which is isomorphic to the spin structure for a spin 1/2 and another system entails a structure isomorphic to the structure of two spin 1/2 in the entangled singlet state. We elaborate this system by showing that an arbitrary tensor product state representing two entangled qubits can be described in a complete way by a specific internal constraint between the ray or density states of the two qubits, which describes the behavior of the state of one of the spins if measurements are executed on the other spin. Since any n-qubit unitary operation can be decomposed into 2-qubit gates and unary operations, we argue that our representation of 2-qubit entanglement contributes to a better understanding of the role of n-qubit entanglement in quantum computation. We illustrate our approach on two 2-qubit algorithms proposed by Deutsch, respectively Arvind et al. One of the advantages of the 2-qubit case besides its relative simplicity is that it allows for a nice geometrical representation

of entanglement, which contributes to a more intuitive grasp of what is going on in a 2-qubit quantum computation.

of entanglement, which contributes to a more intuitive grasp of what is going on in a 2-qubit quantum computation.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 12001 |

Number of pages | 20 |

Journal | Journal of Physics: Conference Series |

Volume | 70 |

Publication status | Published - 2007 |

## Keywords

- quantum computation