Marginal and apical bone stability after staged sinus floor augmentation using bone condensing implants with variable-thread design: a two-dimensional analysis

F Younes, A Eghbali, S De Troyer, T De Bruyckere, R Cleymaet, Jan Cosyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies on the vertical stability of augmented bone after sinus lifting differ substantially. In addition, long healing periods are usually advocated prior to implant installation. The purpose of this case series study was to evaluate the changes in bone height after sinus lifting with a bovine-derived xenograft and to evaluate the clinical outcome of bone condensing implants installed after a short healing period. Patients treated during the years 2010-2013 were re-examined using peri-apical radiographs to evaluate the changes in augmented bone height (BH) and marginal bone loss (BL). Fifty-seven of 70 eligible subjects (28 male and 29 female, mean age 56 years) attended for reassessment. Data were available for 53 sinus lifts and 105 implants installed after a mean healing period of 4.6±1.5 months. Implant survival was 99% after a mean time in function of 19±9 months. Baseline BH, BH at implant placement, and final BH were on average 3.87±1.74mm, 13.75±2.12mm, and 13.11±2.12mm, respectively (P<0.001). Mean BL was 0.51±0.65mm. Only limited resorption is to be expected after sinus lifting in the short term. A bone condensing implant can be used in the early healing phase with successful outcomes in terms of implant survival and bone adaptation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1141
Number of pages7
JournalInt J Oral Maxillofac Surg
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • bone resorption
  • implant survival
  • maxillary ridge augmentation
  • maxillary sinus augmentation
  • sinus lift
  • tapered implants
  • xenografts

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