Measurement of acoustic emission source location accuracy loss of concrete under bending

Eleni Tsangouri, Grigorios Karaiskos, Dimitrios Angelis, Arnaud Deraemaeker, Danny Van Hemelrijck

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper


In the presence of crack discontinuity into concrete, the accuracy of Acoustic Emission (AE) source location is significantly decreased. The previous research done in literature concerning concrete fracture evaluation by using AE considers inaccurate the detection of Acoustic Emission as soon as cracks widen and
macro-fracture occurs. In this study, the loss of accuracy of AE source location and subsequently the emitted wave degradation due to concrete fracture is quantified by combining AE and ultrasound pulse technique. In detail, a low-cost and aggregatesize piezoelectric PZT (i.e. lead-zirconate-titatnate) transducer is embedded into concrete and transmits ultrasonic waves that travel through concrete. In the present study, a group of AE sensors are placed on concrete surface and locate both spatially and chronically the wave source. It is shown that, under a small-scale, three-point bending load test, a unique crack forms and propagates in concrete and as a consequence, the location of embedded PZT transducer by AE sensors loses its accuracy with a three-dimensional (3D) spatial error greater than 10% (since the PZT transducer stands next to the crack). Additionally, the crack sealing by means of autonomous healing processes (filling of the crack void with adhesive agent) corrects the AE location of the PZT transducer (the spatial error is diminished to 4%).The study aims to develop a method to quantitatively evaluate the loss of AE source location accuracy in concrete structures relatively to the damage evolution.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th World Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (WCNDT 2016)
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016
Event19th World Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (WCNDT 2016) - Munich, Germany
Duration: 13 Jun 201617 Jun 2016


Conference19th World Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (WCNDT 2016)


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