Measuring Adaptive Control in Conflict Tasks

Senne Braem, Julie M Bugg, James R Schmidt, Matthew J C Crump, Daniel H Weissman, Wim Notebaert, Tobias Egner

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific reviewpeer-review

153 Citations (Scopus)


The past two decades have witnessed an explosion of interest in the cognitive and neural mechanisms of adaptive control processes that operate in selective attention tasks. This has spawned not only a large empirical literature and several theories but also the recurring identification of potential confounds and corresponding adjustments in task design to create confound-minimized metrics of adaptive control. The resulting complexity of this literature can be difficult to navigate for new researchers entering the field, leading to suboptimal study designs. To remediate this problem, we present here a consensus view among opposing theorists that specifies how researchers can measure four hallmark indices of adaptive control (the congruency sequence effect, and list-wide, context-specific, and item-specific proportion congruency effects) while minimizing easy-to-overlook confounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-783
Number of pages15
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'Measuring Adaptive Control in Conflict Tasks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this