Media security framework inspired by emerging challenges in fake media and NFT

Frederik Temmermans, Deepayan Bhowmik, Fernando Pereira, Touradj Ebrahimi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

1 Citation (Scopus)


Advances in deep neural networks (DNN) and distributed ledger technology (DLT) have shown major influence on media security, authenticity and privacy. Current deepfake techniques can produce near realistic media content which can be used in both good and bad intended use cases. At the same time, DLTs are finding their way in the industry as fair, transparent and reliable means for content distribution. In particular non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are emerging in the digital art market. However, such new developments also introduce new challenges, including the need for robust and reliable metadata, a mechanism to secure the media and associated metadata, means to verify authenticity and interoperability between various stakeholders. This paper identifies emerging challenges in fake media and NFT, and proposes a novel framework to effectively cope with secure media applications allowing for a structured, systematic, and interoperable solution. The framework relies on an architecture that is modular, flexible, extensible, and scalable in the sense that it can be implemented in both lighter as well as more feature-rich and more complex configurations depending on the underlying application, needed features and available resources, while enabling products and services in various ecosystems with desired trust and security capabilities. The framework is inspired by activities and developments within JPEG standardisation related to security, authenticity & privacy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptics, Photonics and Digital Technologies for Imaging Applications VII
EditorsPeter Schelkens, Tomasz Kozacki
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781510651524
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2022
EventSPIE Photonics Europe, 2022 - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 3 Apr 20227 Apr 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceSPIE Photonics Europe, 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 SPIE.

Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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