Migration trajectories of seafarers during the transition from sail to steam: Change and continuity in Belgium, 1850-1900

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article examines the migration trajectories of seafarers who worked on Belgian merchant vessels departing from the port of Antwerp during the second half of the nineteenth century. Based on the Antwerp seamen’s registry, which recorded information on voyages of seafarers on Belgian merchant vessels departing from Belgium’s main commercial port, this article shows that Antwerp’s maritime recruitment area vastly expanded with the advent of steam. The proportion of low-skilled seafarers who originated from inland areas increased as a result of the creation of new departments aboard ship and the emergence of ocean liners. However, established migration fields remained important for the supply of skilled labour in deck departments, which indicates that there was also continuity. The findings suggest that each department had its own dynamics and therefore old and new patterns co-evolved during a period of transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-635
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Maritime History
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

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