Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma of the colon: molecular pathogenesis and treatment.

Leen Vanacker, D. Smeets, Anne Hoorens, Erik Teugels, R. Algaba, M.f. Dehou, Ann De Becker, D. Lambrechts, Jacques De Greve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND/AIM: We report a case of a mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma developed in a colorectal adenocarcinoma with lymph node and liver metastases exclusively emanating from the neuroendocrine carcinoma component. The patient underwent right hemicolectomy and postoperatively received chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide and subsequent high-dose induction chemotherapy, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. Following this treatment, there was a complete remission. Currently, thirthy months after treatment, the patient is in unmaintained complete remission. Comparative exome sequencing of germline DNA and DNA from the two separate malignant components revealed six somatic changes in cancer consensus genes. Both components shared somatic mutations in Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS), B-cell CLL/lymphoma 9 (BCL9) and Forkhead Box P1 (FOXP1) genes. Mutation in SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a, member 4 (SMARCA4) was only found in the neuroendocrine carcinoma component. The finding of several identical somatic mutations in both components supports a clonal relationship between the neuroendocrine carcinoma and the adenocarcinoma.
We suggest that a mutation in SMARCA4 could be responsible for the transformation of the adenocarcinoma component into the neuroendocrine phenotype.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5517-5521
JournalAnticancer Res
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2014


  • Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma

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