Modelling alternative distribution set-ups for fragmented last mile transport: Towards more efficient and sustainable urban freight transport

Bram Kin, Joeri Spoor, Sara Verlinde, Cathy Macharis, Tom Van Woensel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A mathematical model is developed to calculate the costs of alternative distribution set-ups for last mile
transportation in a supply chain with small and fragmented volumes. The model is based on input from logistics
cost models for urban areas combined with cost variables related to logistics processes, receiver attributes and
local city characteristics. The cost variables for each aspect (logistics, receiver, city) influence the cost-effectiveness
and applicability of an alternative distribution set-up. The model is applied on the delivery of fast
moving consumer goods (FMCG) towards small independent retailers in a megacity. The current supply of these
stores is characterized by high costs, inefficiency and unsustainability. Four different set-ups are modelled. The
model shows the effects of different city and store request parameters. When drop sizes are low and distances are
short, direct shipments with smaller vehicles outperform the current direct set-up. When drop sizes are low and
distances are long, collaborating in an urban consolidation centre (UCC) shows a saving. The model can be
further validated with data from other cities and other distribution set-ups.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalCase Studies on Transport Policy
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Urban Freight Transport
  • Sustainability
  • Megacities
  • Modelling

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