Modular textile reinforced concrete (TRC) shell structures: An exploration through geometrical and structural design

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper


Curved thin-walled shell structures are very promising towards the future, as they possess the ability to carry their loads efficiently, resulting in very thin designs and therefore a reduced material consumption. Recent developments of new construction materials and innovative fabrication techniques have led to a resurgence in this research domain. Using Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC) in the shell designs significantly reduces the required cross-sectional thickness, due to the use of fibres. On top of that, these fibres are very flexible, making it possible to easily create nicely curved surfaces. Still, a major issue is the cost of the formworks, as they are in many cases project-specific and therefore not reusable. Fortunately, recent research towards a modular design approach may solve this problem. Several modular parts are already designed, which can be assembled in many ways to create a wide variety of shell configurations. As a result, only a few numbers of formworks need to be made that can serve for a vast amount of shell structures. The main objective of this research is to investigate the structural behaviour of these configurations and to evaluate their load bearing efficiency. A second objective is to evaluate the influence of considering different types of connections between the modules on the overall structural behaviour of the shells. The load bearing efficiency of the shells will be evaluated by considering both fully fixed and fully hinged connections between the modules. The results are very promising, as it is observed that some of the considered shell configurations possess a better load bearing behaviour than the form-found structure from which the modules are extracted.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference Proceedings of IASS/APCS 2022, The 2022 Annual Symposium of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures The 13th Asian-Pacific Conference on Shell and Spatial Structures
Subtitle of host publicationInnovation, Sustainability and Legacy
PublisherInternational Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS)
ChapterChapter 13: Innovation in New Concepts and Projects
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2022
EventIASS symposium 2022: Innovation, Sustainability and Legacy - BEIJING / ONLINE, BEIJING , China
Duration: 19 Sep 202223 Sep 2022


ConferenceIASS symposium 2022
Internet address


  • finite element simulations
  • form finding processes
  • freeform surfaces
  • membrane stresses
  • modularity
  • modular prefabrication
  • reuse
  • Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC)
  • thin shell structures


Dive into the research topics of 'Modular textile reinforced concrete (TRC) shell structures: An exploration through geometrical and structural design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this