Myeloid-derived suppressor cells are immature myeloid cells, consisting of a monocytic and a granulocytic fraction, that are known to suppress anti-tumor immune responses. Important targets of the immunosuppressive capacity of MDSC are CD8+ T cells, which are crucial cytotoxic effector cells in immunotherapeutic settings. CD8+ T-cell activation and differentiation comprises a well-orchestrated series of events, starting from early TCR-mediated signaling and leading to cytokine secretion, the expression of activation markers, proliferation and the differentiation into several subsets of effector and memory cells. In this review, we summarize the available data on how the production of reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide, the arginase-mediated depletion of l-arginine and Cystine depletion by MDSCs interfere with the signaling molecules necessary for normal CTL differentiation and activation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jul 2013|
- Myeloid-derived suppressor cells
- TCR signalling
- Reactive oxygen species
- Nitric oxide
- L-arginine depletion