Efficient priming of anti-tumor T cells requires the uptake and presentation of tumor antigens by immunogenic dendritic cells (DCs) and occurs mainly in lymph nodes draining the tumor (tdLNs). However, tumors expand and activate myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) that inhibit CTL functions by several mechanisms. While the immune-suppressive nature of the tumor microenvironment is largely documented, it is not known whether similar immune-suppressive mechanisms operate in the tdLNs. In this study, we analyzed MDSC characteristics within tdLNs. We show that, in a metastasis-free context, MO-MDSCs are the dominant MDSC population within tdLNs, that they are highly suppressive and that tumor proximity enhances their recruitment to tdLN via a CCR2/CCL2-dependent pathway. Altogether our results uncover a mechanism by which tumors evade the immune system that involves MDSC-mediated recruitment to the tdLN and the inhibition of T-cell activation even before reaching the highly immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Tumor-draining lymph node