Morphologic and Morphometric Measurements of the Foramen Ovale: Comparing Digitized Measurements Performed on Dried Human Crania With Computed Tomographic Imaging. An Observational Anatomic Study

Savanah Héréus, Bjarne Lins, Nicolas Van Vlasselaer, Jean-Pierre Van Buyten, Erik Cattrysse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The foramen ovale (FO) of the sphenoid bone is clinically important for the interventional treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Percutaneous procedures applied to treat the chronic pain condition typically involve the cannulation of this oval-like foramen located at the base of the skull. Anatomic variations of the FO have been reported to contribute to difficulties in the cannulation of this structure. Computed tomography (CT) can help the surgeon improve the accuracy and safety of the intervention. However, even with navigation technology, unsuccessful cannulation of the FO has been reported. The aim of this observational anatomic study was to define morphometric and morphologic data of the FO and to investigate for potential differences between measurements taken on dried human crania and digitized measurements of the FO measured on CT images. One hundred eighteen FOs were evaluated. Twenty FOs underwent CT scanning. The mean length of the foramen was 7.41±1.3 mm on the left side and 7.57±1.07 mm on the right. The mean width of the foramen was 4.63±0.86 mm on the left side and 4.33±0.99 on the right. The mean area on the left side was 27.11±7.58 and 25.73±6.64 mm2 on the right. No significant left-right differences were found for any of these dimensions. The most important conclusion that we can draw is that the measurements can indeed be performed on CT images to obtain an accurate picture of the morphology. Considering the surgical importance of the FO and taking into consideration the limitations this study added to scientific knowledge, this study was constructive as far as neurosurgeons and anatomists are concerned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-410
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Mutaz B. Habal, MD. All rights reserved.

Copyright:
Copyright 2023 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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