Multilevel rhythms in multimodal communication

Wim Pouw, Shannon Proksch, Linda Drijvers, Marco Gamba, Judith Holler, Christopher Kello, Rebecca Schaefer, Geraint Wiggins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


It is now widely accepted that the brunt of animal communication is conducted via several modalities, e.g. acoustic and visual, either simultaneously or sequentially. This is a laudable multimodal turn relative to traditional accounts of temporal aspects of animal communication which have focused on a single modality at a time. However, the fields that are currently contributing to the study of multimodal communication are highly varied, and still largely disconnected given their sole focus on a particular level of description or their particular concern with human or non-human animals. Here, we provide an integrative overview of converging findings that show how multimodal processes occurring at neural, bodily, as well as social interactional levels each contribute uniquely to the complex rhythms that characterize communication in human and non-human animals. Though we address findings for each of these levels independently, we conclude that the most important challenge in this field is to identify how processes at these different levels connect.
Original languageEnglish
Article number20200334
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Issue number1835
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Multilevel rhythms in multimodal communication'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this