Multiphase Motors and Drive Systems for Electric Vehicle Powertrains: State of the Art Analysis and Future Trends

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Multiphase drives (MPDs) have been the subject of research for the last two decades. Despite being a technology that is still in the process of development, a significant number of research studies and developments have been reported in scientific literature over the past few years. This article aims to collect and present a review of these recent contributions, providing a comprehensive and insightful state of the art on this topic and future technology trends. The elaborated aspects include the advantages of multiphase machines, a general introduction to five-phase and six-phase machines, and their modelling techniques. In addition, new promising MPD topologies are covered. Recent advances in modulation techniques and the control of multilevel converters are also discussed. Finally, future trends and challenges in further developing this technology are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number768
Number of pages45
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by a Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) scholarship.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Copyright 2023 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • electric vehicles
  • multiphase drives
  • multiphase machines
  • five-phase machines
  • six-phase machines
  • modelling
  • control

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