N-Donor stabilized tin(ii) cations as efficient ROP catalysts for the synthesis of linear and star-shaped PLAs via the activated monomer mechanism

Miroslav Novák, Jan Turek, Yaraslava Milasheuskaya, Zdeňka Růžičková, Štěpán Podzimek, Roman Jambor

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Abstract

α-Iminopyridine ligands L1 (2-(CHN(C6H2-2,4,6-Ph3))C5H4N), L2 (2-(CHN(C6H2-2,4,6-tBu3))C5H4N) and L3 (1,2-(C5H4N-2-CHN)2CH2CH2) differing by the steric demand of the substituent on the imine CHN group and by the number of donating nitrogen atoms were utilized to initiate a Lewis base mediated ionization of SnCl2 in an effort to prepare ionic tin(ii) species [L1-3 → SnCl][SnCl3]. The reaction of L1 and L2 with SnCl2 led to the formation of neutral adducts [L1 → SnCl2] (2) and [L2 → SnCl2] (3). The preparation of the desired ionic compounds was achieved by subsequent reactions of 2 and 3 with an equivalent of SnCl2 or GaCl3. In contrast, ligand L3 containing four donor nitrogen atoms showed the ability to ionize SnCl2 and also Sn(OTf)2, yielding [L3 → SnCl][SnCl3] (7) and [L3 → Sn(H2O)][OTf]2 (8). The study thus revealed that the reaction is dependent on the type of the ligand. The prepared complexes 4-8 together with the previously reported [{2-((CH3)CN(C6H3-2,6-iPr2))-6-CH3O-C5H3N}SnCl][SnCl3] (1) were tested as catalysts for the ROP of l-lactide, which could operate via an activated monomer mechanism. Finally, a DFT computational study was performed to evaluate the steric and electronic properties of the ionic tin(ii) species 1 and 4-8 together with their ability to interact with the l-lactide monomer. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16039-16052
Number of pages14
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume50
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2021

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